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Periodontal Disease:

Gingivitis: Early phase of gum disease which incl mild bleeding gums and plaque calculus build up around teeth. It doesn’t incl bone damage yet.

Periodontitis, or Advanced gum disease, is a common infection that damages the soft tissue and bone supporting the tooth. If left untreated, the alveolar bone and gums around the teeth is slowly and progressively lost.

Bacterial plaque, a sticky biofilm that develops over the surface of teeth, is the most common cause of any periodontal disease. If plaque it not removed, it can harden, calcified to form tartar, or calculus and it becomes very hard to remove by patient with daily oral hygiene. Not only Oral health, it may increase the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other health problems.


  1. Healthy gums are firm and pale pink and fit snuggly around teeth.
  2. Early phase: Mild bleeding on flossing, changing to mild red color of gum.
  3. Moderate phase: 4-5 mm of pockets, bad breath, some mobility of teeth, easy gum bleeding, puffy appearance of gums, mild spacing, mild gum recession.
  4. Advanced phase: 5+ mm of pockets, generalized mobility of teeth, easy gum bleeding, swollen-puffy gums, advanced bone loss, tender-pain gums, discolored gums, bad breath, shifting of teeth, advanced gum recession.

If you find out any of these symptons, please contact at Gums and Smiles Family Dental in Leander, Texas 78641 to our dental professionals.